As the mission of the Navy Diver grew, so did the training and recognition of the program. The RAN has used divers on a regular basis since the 1920s, but it was not until WW2 that clearance diving operations came to the fore, with RAN divers working alongside Royal Navy divers to remove naval mines from British waters, and from the waters of captured ports on the European mainland (Grey, 1998). PART ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.0 Introduction “Navy clearance divers are the human face of undersea warfare. It was formed from members of CDTs 1 and 2 (McCallum, 2009), as a six-man team. The Master Diver mark had a block letter “M” on the breast plate and the First Class Diver mark had the numeral “1”. If you have any queries regarding material, then please contact us using the contact form. RAN (Royal Australian Navy) (2010) Australian Maritime Doctrine – RAN Doctrine 1 – 2010. The search for and disposal of ordnance below the high water mark. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.defence.gov.au/defencenews/stories/2013/dec/1204c.htm. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. Personnel must pass one of the following courses: ABC TV (2008) Navy Divers. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.navy.gov.au/news/divers-ready-deep. Their principal role is to provide a surge/force multiplier for the AUSCDTs and provide Fleet support in their local port/state. Other key personalities include the Mine Warfare and Clearance Diving Capability Manager, a Commander (OF-4) (Navy Today, 2014) and the Deputy Capability Manager, a Lieutenant Commander (OF-3) (DOD, 2013). Finally, Part Five looks at the pay and allowances, return of service and rank structure of clearance divers as well as accreditation, a glossary, useful links, documentaries and videos. & Mitchell, B (2011). However, Hollink (2012) reported in 2012 that progress was slow and it was anticipated that the transfer would occur sometime in 2013. Another one of the first courses undertaken by clearance diver candidates is small arms training which last for 8-weeks. I wish they would make more stuff like this, ... Scuba Diver Mag: "Heart of Oak – On Board The Royal Navy’s HMS Richmond" May 15, 2020. [Accessed: 20 August, 2015]. Shortly thereafter CDT 1 deployed for exercises in South-East Asia, which included a 1-week period in Vietnam conducting operations with US Navy explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) personnel. Sitting within the Mine Warfare, Hydrographic and Patrol Force is the Australian Mine Warfare and Clearance Diving Task Group (AUSMCDGRP) (Semaphore, 2010), which replaced the COMAUSNAVMCDFEG following restructuring in 2010. Fifteen Royal Navy clearance divers from the Clyde-based Northern Diving Group (NDG) recently traveled to Cape Wrath in Scotland to tackle unexploded ordnance left over from military exercises. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.navy.gov.au/news/navys-eod-technicians-operation-slipper. As reported by 9 News in July 2015 (Hardman, 2015), a woman is already making her way through the training system. RAN (Royal Australian Navy) (2012a) Royal Australian Navy Audit Summary Report in Response to the Review into the Treatment of Women in the Australian Defence Force (Phase 2 Report) 2012. It is commanded by a Captain (OF-5), who is assisted by the Deputy Commander, a Commander (OF-4), and is based at Fleet HQ in New South Wales. This involves making safe and disposing underwater explosives. Bill Fitzgerald, a student on the RANs first clearance diver course in 1955 (Strike, 2003; Wall, 2015), states (in an interview in 1998) that the original clearance teams were not divers (Strike, 2013). During week one of the CDAT candidates will be required to meet the following fitness standards: The CDAT is completed after the SCUBA Air course and is a prerequisite for further clearance diver training. As the RAN’s own elite special forces they undertake minewarfare, reconnaissance, salvage and covert operations.” (RAN, 2010, p.153). Available from World Wide Web: http://www.9news.com.au/national/2015/07/13/16/18/the-men-who-are-trained-to-be-invisible-meet-australias-navy-clearance-divers. The Basic Clearance Diver Course (BCD) spans (approximately) 37-weeks (RAN, 2015b) and is delivered by the RAN Diving School, located at HMAS Penguin in Sydney, NSW. h�bbd```b``�"}��/ɥ"=sAd�i �=Ď� "��@"� v�:�k��"Yv�H�`��ŏ�HA�]E �“@l~;��p�+$�>�f`�jH(3(��L^ ��r “Clearance Diving is the process involving the use of divers for locating, identifying and disposing of mines.” (RAN, 2010, p.185). Available from World Wide Web: http://nektonix.com/2013/12/23/bill-fitzgerald-navy-diver/. As part of the RAN Navy Systems Command, HMAS Penguin is home to several of the RANs major specialist training schools, including: RAN Diving School; RAN Hydrographic School; and Medical School – Penguin. Part Three looks at the entry standards whilst Part Four provides an overview of the selection and training undertaken by clearance divers. [Accessed: 19 August, 2015]. Royal Navy Apprenticeships combine study with on the job training allowing you to gain credible qualifications, invaluable work experience and skills. It is essential that aspirants have the ability to cope with the intellectual demands placed on them during Clearance Diver selection and training. Royal Australian Navy Clearance Diving Teams, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Introduction, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Part 02, The OCR Industry, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Part 03, Advantages & Disadvantages of OCR, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Part 04, OCR Event Management, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Part 05, Preparing for an OCR, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Part 06, OCR Governing Bodies, Associations & Championships, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Part 07, Obstacle Courses in Other Areas, About Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events: Part 08, Useful Publications & Links, List of UK Obstacle Course Races (OCR) & Events, Directory of Obstacle Course Race (OCR) Providers & Events, OCR World Governing Body & Continental Confederations, Directory of OCR Associations, Federations & Unions, Outdoor Fitness, Boot Camp & Military Fitness Providers, UK-based Outdoor Fitness, Boot Camp & Military Fitness Providers, Australasian-based Outdoor Fitness, Boot Camp & Military Fitness Providers, Canadian-based Outdoor Fitness, Boot Camp & Military Fitness Providers, Outdoor Fitness Business Start-up Considerations, Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaires (PAR-Q) & Liability Waivers, Accident & Emergency: Policy & Procedures, British Army Physical Training Instructor Course Overview, Army Reserve Physical Training Instructor (Basic) Course, Army Reserve PTI Intermediate Module One (IM1), Army Reserve PTI Intermediate Module Two (IM2), Army Reserve PTI Intermediate Module Three (IM3), Army Reserve PTI Advanced Module One (AM1), Army Reserve PTI Advanced Module Two (AM2), Army Reserve PTI Advanced Module Three (AM3), DITS (Defence Instructional Techniques) Course Overview, DSAT Module 2: Scoping Exercise (SCOP) Course, DSAT Module 3: Needs Analysis (NA) Course, DSAT Module 4: Early Training Analysis (ETA) Course, DSAT Module 5: Detailed Design & Development (DD&D) Course, DSAT Module 6: Internal Evaluation (INTEV) Course, DSAT Module 7: External Evaluation (EXTEV) Course, DSAT Module 8: First/Second Part Audit (1/2 PA), DSAT Module 9: Defence Training Managers’ Course (DTMC), DSAT Module 10: Defence Training Managers’ Seminar (DTM(S)), DSAT Module 11: Defence Commanding Officers’ of Training Establishments (COTE) Course, Defence Instructional Techniques (DIT) Course, Defence Instructional Techniques (Trainer) (DIT(T)) Course, Defence Train the Trainer Consolidation (DTTT(C)) Course, Defence Instructor Monitoring & Evaluation (DIME) Course, Defence Instructor Assessment & Development (DIAD) Course, Introduction to Learning Technologies (ILT) Course, Basic IT Skills (BITS) Assessment & Training, Fitness Boot Camp, Military Fitness & Outdoor Fitness Lesson Plans, Fitness License Application: General Process, Terms & Conditions for Personal Trainers & Group Fitness Registration & Use of Park-Venue, Code of Conduct for Outdoor Fitness Training, First Aid at Work: Guidance for Fitness Professionals, First Aid at Work: Guidance for Fitness Professionals (UK), First Aid at Work: Guidance for Fitness Professionals (Australia), JSP 822: The Governance & Management of Defence Training & Education, Military Fitness Instructor Courses & Schools, US Military Fitness Instructor Courses & Schools, British Military Fitness Instructor Courses & Schools, Australian & New Zealand Military Fitness Instructor Courses & Schools, Canadian Armed Forces Military Fitness Instructor Courses & Schools, Irish Defence Force (IDF) Physical Training Instructor (PTI), Indian Army Institute of Physical Training (AIPT), Issues Identified with Military Physical Training, Academic Journals: Military, Medical & Fitness, Methods of Systematic Review: 5 Levels of Evidence, Warrant Officers & the British Armed Forces, Ancient & Roman Era Documentaries (2000 BC to 400 AD), The Loaded March: Preparation & Training Guide, Easy-to-use Outdoor Fitness & Exercise Tests & Assessments, British Army Personal Fitness Assessment (PFA) (2019), British Army Physical Employment Standards (PES), Role Fitness Test (RFT) (2019), Training: Adaptation versus Maladaptation, Aerobic Training followed by Resistance Training versus Concurrent Training, Vital Statistics: Boot Camps & Other Forms of Training, Fitness Industry Employment Considerations & Models, Fitness Industry Human Resources Development (HRD), Part 04: Impact on Business Performance & The Bottom Line, Part 05: The Fitness Boot Camp & Military Fitness Perspective, Outdoor Fitness Employment Contract: Casual Worker (Example), Fitness Industry Employment Policies & Procedures, The Six HR Challenges for (Fitness) Businesses, Prevention & Rehabilitation: Military Perspective, Elbow Tendonitis: Tennis & Golfer’s Elbow, CECS: Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome, An Overview of Piriformis Syndrome (aka Deep Gluteal Syndrome). However, clearance divers also: conduct clandestine hydrographic surveys of beaches for amphibious operations and clear mines or obstacles; conduct underwater battle damage repair of fleet units, as well as support tasks involving the repair and installation of underwater fittings; render safe and dispose of all explosive ordnance, including improvised explosive devices; and fufil a maritime counter terrorism role as part of the waterborne troop of the Tactical Assault Group (East). Surface supplied breathing apparatus diving. Royal Australian Navy Clearance Diver Explosive Ordnance Technician. CDT 1 (later styled AUSCDT 1) was the operational team assigned to mine clearance and reconnaissance operations throughout the Australia Station, while CDT 2 (AUSCDT 2) was dedicated to mine warfare in the Sydney area, but was not cleared for operations outside this area (Grey, 1998). Locations: US Naval Bases, Royal Naval Bases Royal New Zealand Navy. Whilst the site contains no details of current operations or training methods, the nature of the work conducted by Royal Navy Clearance Divers does mean that we do have to restrict access. The military training range at Cape Wrath is an important defence asset, a remote 107-square miles of moorland used to help armed forces practice vital skills used […] Transfer to another employment category (subject to Service requirements); or. [Accessed: 22 August, 2015]. In March 1966, clearance divers underwent further reorganisation, splitting into two Clearance Diving Teams (CDTs) (Grey, 1998). The utility of clearance and commando divers demonstrated during, and after, WW2 prompted the Australian Commonwealth Naval Board to establish a clearance diving branch within the RAN in 1951, adopting the motto ‘United and Undaunted’ (Grey, 1998; Perryman & Mitchell, 2011). Defence Cooperation Program (DCP) trainees will come in the main from Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines and South West Pacific countries. (The Maritime Executive, 2015). International Defence Training (Royal Navy) May 2015 Diving AIM OF COURSE To train the student, who has satisfactorily completed a selection test, to dive to maximum depth of 30m using self-contained compressed air breathing apparatus. As well as basic pay (or salary), personnel on completion of the Basic Clearance Diver Course will receive the clearance divers allowance within the range of $11,779 to $20,413 per year (as of 2015), dependent on posting (Defence Force Remuneration Tribunal, 2015). Reserve Diving Team Ten, Tasmania (CO CDT 10 Commander, OF-4). Due to the investment that the RAN puts into potential recruits there is, as of August 2015, a minimum period of service for both Officers and Sailors (Other Ranks) RAN divers of six years. The SCUBA Air Course is 2-weeks in duration and is delivered by the RAN Diving School. 60 0 obj <>stream Bill then informs us that in 1955, at the instigation of ‘Maurie’ Batterham, the Clearance Diving Branch was born. They were also utilised in the reconnaissance of amphibious landing sites (Grey, 1998). Clearance Divers posted to 2 Commando Regiment provide specialist skills to enhance the units’ operational readiness capability to operate in the maritime domain by increasing its amphibious focus. Search for, rendering safe or disposal of all ordnance in RAN ships and facilities. Clearance divers can be employed in the Special Forces role as part of the Tactical Assault Group (East) (TAG (E)), which is part of 2 Commando Regiment based at Holsworthy. [Accessed: 26 August, 2015]. The first female officer commenced Mine Warfare Officer training in February 2013, and commenced Clearance Diver Officer training in July 2013 (RAN, 2012a). [Accessed: 19 August, 2015]. The branch provides Reservist divers to support the Royal Navy Clearance Diving Branch on some of their work, primarily within the UK but it could potentially be anywhere in the world. Within the various roles undertaken by clearance divers, personnel will be employed in a variety of sea- and shore-based appointments, as outlined below (RAN, 2015a). Up Top: the Royal Australian Navy and Southeast Asian Conflicts 1955-1972. This course may be delivered either before or after basic seamanship training. We provide security, humanitarian response and fishery protection for our Pacific neighbours and support our nation’s interests in the Ross Sea, Antarctica and further afield. Available from World Wide Web: http://contactairlandandsea.com/2009/story_packages/issue4/contact4_dec04_cds.pdf. To generalise, diving was an unsophisticated business. 1957-62 Genesis Project experiments conducted as the pre-cursor of navy saturation diving After World War I, diver-training programs were cut and the school was not reinstituted. TAG (E) maintains a short notice capability to conduct special military operations, using a variety of specialist skillsets that include the extensive use of small arms. RAN (Royal Australian Navy) (2012b) Divers Ready For The Deep. [Accessed: 19 August, 2015]. g```��b@�@���р,&����n�Q[ӽݯ��L��g�z���3Ǎ (2013) Navy’s EOD Technicians on Operation SLIPPER. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.nxtbook.com/faircount/RoyalAustralianNavy/RAN100/index.php). However, there are, on occasion, a small number of in-Service transfers (typically from the Australian Army). Part Two provides an overview of the organisation of the clearance diver branch. Explosive Ordnance Reconnaissance Technician and Clearance Diver; and. United Service. Clearance Diver: The Life and Times of an Australian Navy Frogman written by Tony Ey and published in 2014 by CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. Applicants will not normally be allowed to enter the ADF until they achieve a minimum of 17 years of age, however they may be able to initiate the application process from 16 years and six months of age, depending upon the capacity of their local recruiting centre. See the following links on the standards and information about the schools: [Accessed: 20 August, 2015]. It was reported in 2011 that the Australian Army’s Dive Wing would be transferred to the RAN Dive School around mid-2012, forming an “ADF Dive School” (Hollink, 2012, p.13). Subsequent periods of service may be offered subject to the requirements of the ADF and an aspirant’s suitability for further service. Each team is a self-contained, highly mobile unit consisting of about sixty personnel (Brooker, 2009). 2nd Ed. 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