These languages are widely used in newspapers, books, on TV, and in local government. There is a variety of Vernacular languages spoken in Spain. The official language for the whole of Spain, including Andalusia, is Spanish, as defined by t he Spanish Royal Academy of Language. According to the Survey of the Involvement of the Adult Population in Learning Activities[2] distributed by the National Institute of Statistics with data from 2016, in regards to the languages in Spain that are native languages or languages that are not native but used, 98.9% of the population speaks Spanish, 17.5% speaks Catalan, 6.2% speaks Galician, 5.8% speaks Valencian (a variety of Catalan) and 3.0% speaks Basque. In the following centuries Spanish continued its expansion at the expense of the languages bordering with it; this is shown clearly in the case of the Leonese and Aragonese languages, and also in the case of Basque. Spain also 3 other co-official languages along with Spanish. In Galicia, Galician is the native language of 40.9% of the population, 30.9% claim Spanish as their native language, and 25.3% have both languages as native; 50.8% of the population habitually use more Galician than Spanish, while 47.8% habitually use Spanish.[10]. Being the country which founded the language and key in its global distribution, Spain has one of the highest numbers of Spanish users in the world with 47.73 million users. This means that citizens have the right to use these languages to communicate with the EU. The Spanish language is indigenous to Spain’s central … Las Fallas De Valencia (Festival Of Fire) No list of Spanish festivals names can … Besides Castilian, Galician and Basque, Catalan is one out of four official languages in Spain. It also means that the languages can be used at meetings within the EU though here … Spanish is the official language used in the country as prescribed by the Spanish Constitution. Isabella and Ferdinand declared Castilian Spanish to be the official dialect. The Spanish spoken in Spain is largely the same as that spoken in Latin America, but with some key differences. In Catalonia, Catalan has two main varieties: Catalan spoken in the Balearic Islands, or, In Valencia, Valencian is a western variety of the Catalan language spoken in this autonomous community. The autonomous communities have established the following official languages in their respective territories: Catalan in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, Valencian (a variety of Catalan) in Valencia, Galician in Galicia, Basque in the Basque Country and a part of Navarre, and the Aranes language in the Aran Valley. About 17% of the population speaks Catalan, making its speakers one of the largest bilingual, non-state communities in Europe. Spanish or Castilian. Spain is, along with Colombia and after Mexico and the United States, ranked third in the world as the country with the most Spanish speakers. Co-official regional languages include Basque, Catalan, Galician, and Occitan. The recognized regional languages are Aragonese, Asturian, and Leonese. It is the official language of Andorra and is als… Occitan is also spoken in Catalonia where the inhabitants use a subdialect called Aranese. Some English speakers are British-born, others use English for business transactions. In all of these territories the official name for the language is Catalan, while in Valencia the official name is Valencian. Leonese is spoken in Castile and León by between 20,000 and 50,000 people. Two major speeches influenced the creation of Spanish: the Medieval Romance language of the Kingdom of Castile and the Mozarabic dialect of the Muslim Kingdom of Toledo. The official language of Spain is Spanish (or rather castellano) and is understood everywhere in the country. This situation was reverted with the arrival of democracy in Spain and especially with the passing of the Constitution of 1978 which recognized the co-official status of the regional languages in their respective territories; from then on the bilingual autonomous communities began several different policies to normalize the use of their languages, a situation that had special success in the field of education. It gained importance in becoming an auxiliary language, along with commercial and diplomatic communication, in the 16th and 17th centuries. However, what many people don't know is that, along with Castellano, there are three other fully-developed independent languages in Spain. [13] Aranese is the native language of about 2,800 people, representing 0.007% of the population of Spain. Spanish (sometimes called Castilian) is the only official language of the entire country and is spoken habitually and as a native language among a vast majority of the Spanish population. In the Aran Valley, Spanish is the native language of 38.8% of the population (many of them born elsewhere), Aranese is the native language of 34.2% and Catalan of 19.4%, according to the data from the census in 2001. The official and national language is Spanish, co-official languages are Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Occitan. In all of the bilingual autonomous communities, with the exception of Galicia, Spanish is actually the native language of the majority of the population, although this is due in large part to the internal migration processes that occurred in Spain from the middle of the 20th century. Spain is known for its food, Flamenco music and dance, siesta, bullfights, horses, arts and literature, architecture, a Moorish heritage, its islands, Mediterranean beaches, wines, fruits and … Galician has three main dialectal areas: western, central, and eastern; those are subdivided into other areas. The national language of Castilian is official through out the … Basque is spoken altogether by almost one million Spanish citizens (2.15% of the population). Catalan and Valencian are considered two varieties of the same language. Additionally, within Spain Catalan is also spoken, though not official, in the easternmost part of Aragon (known as La Franja)[9] and in the region of El Carche, in the northeastern region of Murcia. The varieties of the language in existence in Spain are collectively referred to as Iberian Spanish or Peninsular Spanish or European Spanis… Population: 130,759,074.Highlights: “Day of the Dead” festival on November 1st & 2nd each year, postcard Caribbean beaches, delicious street tacos for 60 cents, historic ruins of Chichen Itza and Teotihuacán. Another 563,000 speak Galician interchangeably with Spanish. Spanish, the official language in the entire country, is the predominant native language in almost all of the autonomous communities in Spain. The language we know today as Spanish originally derived … It is also co-official with other languages in Catalonia, Balearic Islands, Valencia, Galicia, Basque Country and the Basque zone of Navarre. Within Spain, approximately 88% of the population speaks it as their native language, and 99% are able to speak it. German is spoken by only 2% of the population. Aranese, a variety of Occitan/Gascon spoken in the Aran Valley, in the northwest of Lleida province, is official in this valley and from 2006 in all of Catalonia following the new Statute of Autonomy. As the Spanish Empire spre… In almost the entire province of, In Navarre, Basque is co-official in the area called, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 23:19. Castilian Spanish is the official national language of Spain. True, Spanish is the national language and the only language you can use if you want to be understood almost everywhere. It is spoken in the independent communities of Catalan, Valencia, Aragón, Murcia and on the Balearic Islands, with various regional differences.With around 11 million speakers in four countries, Catalan is also the most spoken regional language within the European Union. The Castilian, the official language of Spain What we refer to and consider as “Spanish language” is actually called Castilian (in Spanish “Castellano”). By Amber Pariona on December 28 2020 in Society. Spanish is not the only language spoken in Spain. For autonomous communities, Catalan can be used by almost 85% of the population of Catalonia and 63.1% of the Balearic region, Galician is used by 89% of Galicians, Valencian is used by 51.8% of the residents in that community and Basque is spoken by 55.1% of the Basque population and 21.7% of people in Navarre. In Spanish, the term is translated castellano, which means “from Castile”. In total, Galician is the language spoken at home by approximately 1,302,000 people. Spanish… or Castilian? Approximately 6.1 million people in Spain were born in different countries. Six of the sixteen autonomous communities in Spain have other co-official languages in addition to Spanish. Basque is the only non-Romance language with official status in the country and is in fact, not related to any other language. It is spoken in whole Spain as well as in South America. Now millions of native-speakers across the world use this language to communicate every day. 2 The constitution states that “Castilian is the Spanish official language of the State,” but that “all other Spanish languages (including Euskera [Basque], Catalan, and Galician) will also be official in the corresponding autonomous communities.” Tourist information about Spain: art, culture, museums, monuments, beaches, cities, fiestas, routes, cuisine, natural spaces in Spain | spain.info in english Spanish enjoys official language status in 21 countries across Europe, Africa, Central, South and North America, making it a very important global language. Valencian (a variety of Catalan) is the native language of 35.2% of the population in that community and Basque is the native language of 33.7% of the Basque people and of 14.6% of those from Navarre.[3]. With the exception of Basque, which is a language isolate, all of the vernacular languages spoken now in Spain are Romance languages, within the family of the Indo-European languages. In fact, according to some Galician and Portuguese authors, they should still be considered a single language today despite the differences that have appeared since the Middle Ages (see Reintegrationism). Of the foreign languages spoken in Spain, three in particular have a significant role in Spanish society. Official Name: Kingdom of Spain Capital: Madrid Population: 49,331,076 (2018) Official Languages: Spanish nationwide; Catalan, Galician, Basque, Aranese regionally Currency: Euro (EUR) Form of Government: Parliamentary constitutional monarchy Climate: Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more … Catalan is the language spoken in and around Barcelona. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. More often than not, the people of Spain refer to their language as castellano rather than español because the latter can be any of the other languages spoken in the country. Spanish is the (or an) official language of 18 American countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela) as well as of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, along with Spain in … The majority belong to the sub-group of languages Iberian Romance, with the exception of Catalan/Valencian and Aranes, belonging to the Occitano-Romances and Aragonese. During the 20th century, different opinions about whether Valencian should be considered a language of its own or a dialect of Catalan led to the, In the Basque Country, Basque is the official language in the entire territory. flag of Spain National anthem of Spain 1 Includes 58 indirectly elected seats. Do you like Bollywood movies? There are four co-official languages: Euskara, Galego, Català and Valencià. The majority of these immigrants have come from the European Union, Latin America, Morocco, China, and Russia (to name a few). In terms of officiality in the EU, as of 2004 Spain’s co-official languages were institutionalized. These are not official and are considered minority endangered languages. It also has "respect and protection" in Castile and León, according to article 5.3 of the Organic Law 14/2007, of 30 November, from the reform of the Statute of Autonomy of Castile and León; Galician is spoken in a northwestern corner of that community. Example: Benvingut (Welcome)Catalan is by far the most widely spoken regional language in Spain. Spain's Official Language Spanish, also known as Castilian Spanish or just Castilian, is the official national language. Spain’s co-official languages in the EU. Spanish is the only official language in Asturias, Cantabria, La Rioja, Aragon, Castile and León, Madrid, Castilla-La Mancha, Extremadura, Andalusia, the Canary Islands and the region of Murcia, as well as Ceuta, Melilla, and half of Navarre. Soon thereafter appeared the Art of the Castilian Language, a work that helped shape and standardize the Spanish language. It is spoken by the inhabitants of Basque Country and northern Navarre. Specifically, this is Castilian Spanish, castellano in Spanish, and distinct from the dialects found in many regions. Castilian Spanish (known as Castellano) is the official language and is understood everywhere. The main foreign languages of Spain are English, French, and German. Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, Cantabrian, Extremaduran, Judaeo-Spanish, Riffian Berber, Eonavian, Fala, Portuguese, Iberian Romani, Gomeran whistled language, Spanish (Latin American Spanish), Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Arabic, English, German, Romanian, French, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, Russian. This has been reflected in the immigrant languages of the country which include: Latin American Spanish, Bulgarian, Ukrainian, Romanian, Arabic, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, and Russian. According to official statistics, Spanish is the mother tongue of 81.9% of the population, Basque is 5.7% of the population's mother tongue, and 3.8% of the … The Fala of the Valley of Jalama in northwestern Extremadura is related to Portuguese and also to Galician. Approximately 27% of the population speaks English. Bilingualism in different degrees and in distinct communicative situations between Spanish and another language is a habitual practice for many of the Spanish people who reside in one of these autonomous communities. As in other autonomous communities, Spanish is the language that is spoken most in urban areas of Galicia, while Galician is spoken in rural areas. Additionally, it is also spoken by French-born individuals who currently number about 100,448. The official language of Spain is Spanish. Affiliation between one subgroup or the other is a cause for active discussion. Latin, the origin of the Spanish language. French is spoken by 12% of the population, and like English, this is a common business language. Many new arrivals are surprised to learn that more than one language is actually spoken in Spain. During the second half of the 20th century, Francoism drove the regional languages away from public use and favored the use of Spanish; the internal migrations happening around the same time contributed to the predominance of Spanish too. Today, hundreds of millions of people speak Spanish as their first language. To find information on other destinations in Spain, and lots more interesting travel ideas, we recommend the international version of the Spain.info website. Galician is co-official in Galicia (Spanish Constitution of 1978 article 3.2 and Statute of Autonomy of Galicia article 5). As the Spanish Empire spread across the world in the 16th century, so too did their language. What is Spain known for? Also referred to as Castilian, it is a Romance language with origins in the Castile region of Spain. Which Countries Recognize Sign Language As An Official Language? Spain was chosen as the setting for Bollywood movies, thanks to the passion for life of the Spanish people and the fiestas held here throughout the … Spain actually has four official languages. About 17% of the population speak Catalan, 7% speak Galician and 2% speak Basque. Castellano - the more precise name for the Spanish we know - is spoken throughout Spain and is the country's official language. The official language in Spain is Spanish or Castilian Spanish. (in Spanish … Spanish (sometimes called Castilian) is the only official language of the entire country and is spoken habitually and as a native language among a vast majority of the Spanish population. Aragonese is spoken Aragon by between 10,000 and 30,000 people. Presently, Spanish is predominantly spoken in most of the autonomous community, except for north-eastern areas, where Basque continues to be the prevailing language. Spanish is the official language of Spain. Where Spanish was born. However, there are other co-official languages spoken in Spain´s many culturally diverse regions that form an important part of the Spanish cultural patrimony. Castilian Spanish then quickly became the official language for all educational materials and official documents in all of Spain. Basque is the language spoken in and around Bilbao, also called “Basque Country” in Spain. Spanish is the official language of Spain. Official Web Site of the Spanish Ministry of Education and Culture. Information available on ministry news, publications, libraries, international co-operation, statistics, intellectual property, as well as helpful directories and links. The romance language of Spanish originated in the Castile region of Spain but Spanish is not the only official language the country has. Not only is it the main language for these 21 sovereign states, it also serves as a key language in a handful of dependent territories. At least 90% of the population speak Castilian Spanish as a first or second language. If you think that Spanish or Castilian is the language of Spain, you're only partly right. Catalan is spoken in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and Valencia (autonomous communities). The predominance of Spanish started in the Middle Ages with the Reconquista, expanding throughout the Kingdom of Castile (in which the language was born) and later to other areas in the Iberian peninsula; it had cultural prestige and was also spoken in part of the Kingdom of Aragon and of the Kingdom of Navarre. Catalan or Valencian have the recognition of an official language in Catalonia along with Spanish, as well as in the Balearic Islands and the Valencian Community; in Aragon, the Statute of Autonomy defines the language, along with Aragonese, as "one of the manifestations that most stand out of Aragonese history and culture and a social value of respect, coexistence, and understanding". Approximately 40% of the Spanish population live in areas with two official languages. [12];0[all]&C=1[0];2[2013]&F=&S=&SCF=Galicia (2013), "INEbase / Society /Education and culture /Survey on the Involvement of the Adult Population in Learning Activities / Results/ Year 2016", "La mitad de los españoles habla un segundo idioma y 4 de cada 10 elige el inglés", "The Numbers of Spanish Speakers in the World Exceeds 500 million : Spanish Language Domains", "Reportaje | Más 'speak spanish' que en España", "Statistics of Language Usage in Catalonia", "Conselleria d' Educació, Investigació, Cultura i Esport – Generalitat Valenciana", "Euskarabidea :: Euskararen Nafar Institutua", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Official_languages_of_Spain&oldid=981878376, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. One of them, español or castellano (Spanish), is official throughout all the territory of the... See full answer below. With regard to native languages alone, Galician is the native language of 82.8% of Galicians, Catalan is the native language of 31.6% of people in Catalonia and of 42.9% of the residents in the Balearic region. Galician belongs, along with Spanish, to the group of Iberian Romance languages, and is closely related to Portuguese, with which it formed linguistic unity (Galician-Portuguese) during the Middle Ages. This number represents a little more than 13% of the population. To understand the reason for this geographical reference, we need to briefly look at the history of the Spanish language, starting from the Roman era. Spain is, along with Colombia[4] and after Mexico and the United States,[5] ranked third in the world as the country with the most Spanish speakers. However, you might not … Unlike in Catalonia, the Valencian Community and the Balearic Islands, in Galicia the main cause of the advance of Spanish over the local language (Galician) is not immigration, but language shift.